Serving web content from user’s home directory.

I had a problem getting "Forbidden You don't have permission to access /index.php on this server." after confirming all virtual host settings and folder permission are correct.

I’ve set $ sudo chown -R apache.apache /home/anthony/ and $ sudo chmod -R 755 /home/anthony/ but I still get the error.

When I looked /home, $ cd /home $ ls -l I saw the problem, anthony has 700 permission,
drwx------ 3 anthony anthony 115 Feb 7 22:54 anthony
so apache can’t get through anthony directory. My solution is to make anthony directory 750 sudo chmod 750 /home/anthony and add apache user to anthony group sudo usermod -a -G anthony apache

Then restart apache
sudo service httpd restart

That solved the problem and I can now see my website.

Below is my VirtualHost Config

<VirtualHost *:80>
    DocumentRoot /home/anthony/
    <Directory “/home/anthony/”>
        AllowOverride None
        # Allow open access:
        Require all granted
    <Directory “/home/anthony/”>
        AllowOverride All
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
        Require all granted


Doing Daily Remote Backup

Scenario 1

I have 2 remote servers, Server1 is live and Server2 is backup.
Server1 is already live and cron job is not running. I don’t want to install cron job in Server1 for some reasons.
Server2 has cron job running and is going to connect to Server1 and execute the backup script every 1 AM.

Open crontab in Server2
$ crontab -e
Press Insert button in the keyboard to edit.
#Minutes Hours Day of Month Month Day of Week Command
#0 to 59 0 to 23 1 to 31 1 to 12 0 to 6 Shell Command

Append the command to run
0 1 * * * ssh user@Server1 sh /mnt/extradisk/
Press ESC button to quit editing, type :wq! press Enter to save changes and quit editing.

Below is the script for
weekday=$(date +"weekday_%u")
mysqldump -u user -ppassword --all-databases | gzip > $file
scp -P 10022 $file user@Server2:~/folder-daily-backups/
tar -cpzf $domain -C / usr/share/glassfish3/glassfish/domains
scp -P 10022 $domain user@Server2:~/folder-daily-backups/

The above script dumps all mysql databases and zip them into a file.
It also backups glassfish files and zip them.
Both zips are copied from Server1 to Server2 for remote backup.

Scenario 2

Both servers have running cron job.

Server1 is going to execute it’s backup script every after 3 hours
0 */3 * * * sh ~/backups/ code below
hour=$(date +"hour_%H")
mysqldump -hipaddress -u user -ppassword database | gzip > $file

Server2 will get Server1’s backups every 1 AM
0 1 * * * scp -P 10022 user@Server1:~/backups/* ~/BACKUPS/project/

Note: Server1 has Server2’s public key in its authorized_keys, vice versa.

$ date --help
to see more date formats